From being “A plague” to “The plague,” Coronavirus has wreaked havoc on the planet. The difficulty began in Wuhan, a populous metropolis of Chinese language province Hubei, in November 2019. At first, it was thought of as flu inflicting deaths in extreme instances, however the demise toll began to rise, and the virus grew to become epidemic. Negligence from folks and native authorities made the matter worse and unexpectedly. Wuhan was dealing with a well being disaster, and this rang the “danger bells” for the Chinese language authorities. By the point, they thought of this as an emergency and tried to comprise it, issues had gone out of hand, and the epidemic turned to a pandemic inside three months.

Coronavirus, aka COVID-19, is a viral illness that creates human respiratory problems. Signs begin to get distinguished after 10-14 days of contact with the germs. It spreads with shut contact by small droplets produced by contaminated folks by way of coughing, sneezing, speaking and even respiration. The virus slowly deteriorates the respiratory organs and finally causes demise in extreme instances. The virus is cussed and may last as long as 72 hours on surfaces. COVID-19is the worst international catastrophe because the deadly “Asian flu” of 1957, and coincidently, China was liable for that outbreak as nicely.

At the moment, the worldwide demise toll has risen to 100,000 and counting. United States (18,693), France (10,869), Spain (14,792), United Kingdom (7,097) and Italy (17,669) are presently on the highest of the record.

To make issues worse, there may be nonetheless no treatment for this outbreak besides the precautionary measures. Not solely has this pandemic killed folks nevertheless it has crumbled many “giant economies” as nicely. United States’ monetary markets have already misplaced trillions of {dollars} since February 2020, and European economies shared the identical destiny. It’s protected to say that COVID-19 has introduced many “giants” to their knees, and the world appears to be helpless proper now.

COVID-19 and South Asia

This outbreak has not spared any continent. There have been extreme results on South Asia specifically Pakistan and India which have suffered main hits. The entire demise rely in Pakistan has reached 65 whereas the determine for India is 166 and counting. Identical to many different western international locations which have opted for an entire “lockdown” possibility, Pakistan additionally imposed a “partial lockdown.” One extremely considerable reality is that the Authorities of Pakistan intercepted this menace early and took vital mandatory precautionary measures as in comparison with different international locations. The spread-rate and the demise rely is decrease in Pakistan, which is passable in the interim, however the “chilly wind” has not arrived but.

Nevertheless, all this success was based mostly on well timed precautionary steps, however, the query arises, what does Pakistan have if the illness retains on marching like this? Does the federal government have sufficient medical sources? Can Pakistan counter the outbreak if it goes important? Probably the most simple reply to this query is “NO.” Pakistan will not be nicely geared up with medical amenities as in comparison with China, america and different European international locations. Furthermore, the Chinese language authorities has intimated to Pakistan that the illness may worsen by the tip of April.

This isn’t the one concern for the federal government proper now. Though an early partial lockdown resulted in a “satisfactory” success, the query is, how lengthy can the federal government and the folks of Pakistan maintain it? Decrease class and middle-class households represent a good portion of the whole inhabitants, and most of them are surviving on day by day wages. The lockdown has already affected the financial system in addition to the lots. Persons are afraid of dying from corona in addition to starvation. On the similar time, persons are frightened of going for the preliminary medical screening for corona as a result of folks don’t belief the medical amenities and the worry of the illness itself is larger than the worry of demise.

Proper now, the federal government is combating at two fronts: the illness and the “sinking” financial system. Well timed and sensible steps are required earlier than it’s too late, and partial lockdown could flip into an entire lockdown. Though the federal government has achieved nicely, some issues will nonetheless must be achieved to keep away from a higher catastrophe.

Really useful Strategic Actions

I. Equip the medical personnel with important protecting gears as they’re those combating this battle on the entrance line.

II. Educate the general public as a lot as doable. Schooling and consciousness are extraordinarily important. It’s good to see that the federal government is doing fairly nicely on this space.

III. Provoke mass screening and categorize folks in keeping with the severity of the difficulty. Categorize them as delicate, reasonable, or important, after which cope with them accordingly.

IV. Tag and categorize the districts in keeping with the severity of the illness in order to assist the federal government to reallocate the out there sources accordingly.

V. Management the pointless motion or social gatherings of people. Though it’s difficult, it must be made obligatory proper now.

VI. Mass sterilization of populated areas comparable to cities and cities will certainly assist as nicely.

VII. Pointless intercity transportation must be halted or at the least minimized.

VIII. Preliminary screening must be carried out at cities’ entrances in order that affected people could be stopped from coming into “green zones.”

IX. Customary working procedures must be given to the factories, manufacturing items, and different companies. Inflexible sanitization procedures have to be ensured at these locations.

X. Step by step opening enterprise locations in smaller tehsils and districts with correct precautionary measures will permit financial actions to renew.

XI. There must be common disinfectant sprays and common sterilization have to be achieved inside mosques, outlets and companies which are operational.

XII. Frequent sterilization inside outlets must be enforced. Sterilize the prayer areas in mosques after each prayer. Making it obligatory to put on masks and gloves whereas coming into locations such because the mosques can scale back the unfold of the virus.

XIII. Set up of sterilization walkways will also be efficient.

XIV. Rising native manufacturing of Private Protecting Gear can assist to beat the deficit of PPEs for healthcare personnel and in addition enhance employment on an pressing foundation on this sector.

Though Pakistan has one way or the other defeated the primary assault, the second wave is but to come back, and our defences must be fortified as a result of avoiding the issue is the one possible possibility for Pakistan proper now. Sure, the survival of humanity is in nice hazard, however, Pakistan must be considerate and rational relating to its financial system as a result of this battle can’t be gained with out monetary sources.

– The writer is Director Healthcare Technique at Beijing Puhua Worldwide Hospital, China. He could be contacted at