Home RegionalIslamabad From illiteracy to Practical Illiteracy: A Nation at Threat

From illiteracy to Practical Illiteracy: A Nation at Threat

by News Updater
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Training is key to socio-economic improvement, political stability and wholesome dwelling atmosphere. Purpose four of the Sustainable Devilment Targets 2030 recognises and stresses high quality and inclusive training for all. Pakistan affirmed its dedication to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Growth by adopting the Sustainable Growth Targets (SDGs) as its personal nationwide improvement agenda by means of a unanimous Nationwide Meeting Decision in 2016. The standing of training in Pakistan, regardless of our nationwide dedication to SDGs 2030 and several other different nationwide and worldwide treaties, is deplorable. An estimated 22.eight million youngsters are out of college within the nation. The nation’s literacy price is ranked 113 in a complete of 120 international locations.  Illiteracy (incapacity of youngsters and grownup to learn and write) and purposeful illiteracy (state of affairs when formally licensed literate or educated individuals lack studying, writing, comprehension and calculation abilities required for private and neighborhood improvement) are among the many most severe points going through the nation. Practical illiteracy is extra harmful than illiteracy. The standard of our licensed educated individuals or graduates has declined over time. 

Inspecting a number of the latest outcomes of job and entry assessments within the nation might assist us perceive and critically consider the standard of our training and graduates. Hundred (100) per cent candidates failed PhD admission take a look at performed by the Institute of Communication Research in Punjab College. Not one of the 132 candidates who appeared for PhD entrance cleared the take a look at. Majority of them have been A-graders. This isn’t new as the identical occurred in two different bigger public sector universities the place 100 per cent candidates failed PhD entry assessments. A extra miserable reality is the huge failures of candidates in lecturers recruitment take a look at performed by Establishment of Enterprise Administration (IBA) Testing Service in partnership with the provincial authorities to recruit 46,500 lecturers in authorities colleges. Out of 162,000 candidates who appeared within the lecturers’ recruitment take a look at performed in Sindh in September 2021, just one,250 (0.78) managed to go the take a look at. 1000’s of those candidates are, I imagine, both educating in non-public and even in authorities colleges on contract foundation. There is no such thing as a doubt that hundreds of them maintain commencement (MA, MSc) or M. Phil levels. Equally, the results of the written a part of CSS examination 2021 introduced by Federal Public Service Fee (FPSC) for the recruitment in opposition to BS-17 posts beneath the federal authorities could be very dismaying. In line with FPSC, a complete of 39,650 candidates utilized for the CSS 2021 examination. Out of those, solely 17,240 candidates appeared within the written examination in February 2021. Out of the 17240 candidates solely 364 (2.11 %) candidates have handed the written examination. Out of 200,000 candidates who appeared within the Medical and Dental Faculties Admission Check (MDCAT), 125,000 (65 per cent) candidates didn’t get the passing marks. Ought to we perceive the prevailing deplorable standing of those candidates as their private (non-public) bother and blame them for it. Or we must always boldly settle for this case as a nationwide public subject and social drawback that’s threatening the nation’s future. Within the conceptual framework of C. Wright Mill’s Sociological Creativeness (vivid consciousness of the connection between private experiences and wider society), the failure of those graduates in admission and jobs assessments has roots in society as a complete and is confronted by many not few candidates. There are a whole lot or hundreds, if not thousands and thousands of others, unreported, who’re experiencing the identical failures. A important examination of the connection between these outcomes and our authorities, household and particular person strategy to the aim of  training, exhibits that this deplorable state of our training and graduates have been institutionalised formally by means of federal and provincial training insurance policies, legal guidelines in addition to informally by means of household and social cultural practices. Once we (dad and mom, college students, lecturers and society as a complete) are so obsessive about grades and marks and never substance and data, we shouldn’t be shocked by this huge failure and dismaying efficiency of our graduates. 

In September this 12 months, BISE’s Mardan outcomes shocked the entire nation when Qandil Sohail – a pupil of Mardan Board bagged 1100 out of 1100 marks. The outcome was highlighted within the newspapers, TV information and talk-shows. The outcome was censured and dispraised by some and praised by others. The credibility of our examination and evaluation, the truth is training system, was additional threatened by the outcomes of BISE Lahore and BISE Multan. Fifty three (53) college students scored 1100/1100 marks in BISE Lahore and 48 college students bagged 1100/1100 marks in BISE Multan. The BISE Lahore has awarded 1100 out of 1100 marks to 707 college students in its matriculation outcome 2021. That is the primary time within the historical past of the nation that candidates in such a big quantity have scored full marks. Sufficient is sufficient and we should ask ourselves: are we doing the correct issues? Is it doable to get 100% marks in English, Urdu, Islamic Research, Civic, Biology, Chemistry? Is our technique of examination and evaluation proper? Are the folks concerned in the entire course of conscious of what are they doing with the nation’s future?  We must always not struggle on the problem anymore and should settle for that every one just isn’t nicely with the standard of our training, examination and evaluation system. We should embrace this actuality that we have now crossed the harmful line and have compromised the standard and credibility of our training. In Mills’ view, we should think about and declare ‘the massive failure of our graduates’ and these lenient, inflated grades as threatening nationwide public points which name for severe public debate and pressing consideration from the federal and provincial governments. On these points, we should attain nationwide consensus and declare a nationwide stage training audit and analysis primarily based training reforms with the assistance of indigenous students and educationists. The very best starting is consciousness and acceptance of the problems. Additional delay will threaten the nation’s future. College authorities and lecturers should be suggested to instantly cease selling college students to the following grade with out making certain whether or not they have commanded the contents and substance of the prevailing class or not. This, the truth is, will minimise the prevailing purposeful illiteracy within the nation. We want a counter nationwide discourse in opposition to the greed for grades. We must always allow them to constantly and interactively use important, analytical, inventive, and sensible considering of their on a regular basis life.  

–The author is Affiliate Professor

 Sociology and Director ORIC 

Quaid-i-Azam College Islamabad  



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