Israel occupied about 1,200 sq km of Syria’s Golan Heights in 1967 after launching a shock air assault towards Damascus’s Egyptian allies and sparking the Six Day Battle in June of that yr. In 1981, Tel Aviv formally annexed the territory. The UN condemned that call as “null and void and without international legal effect.”

The 120 member-strong Non-Aligned Motion (NAM) has issued a political declaration whose calls for embody Israel withdrawing from occupied Syrian territories within the Golan Heights.

In an announcement revealed Friday after a digital ministerial assembly, the NAM stated its members “condemn all measures taken by Israel to change the legal, physical and demographic status of the Occupied Syrian Golan, and demand once again that Israel should abide by the United Nations Security council resolution 497 (1981), and to withdraw fully from the Occupied Syrian Golan to the borders of 4 June 1967, in the implementation of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973).”

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As well as, the NAM reiterated that “a just, lasting solution to the question of Palestine in all its aspects must remain its priority and also a permanent responsibility of the United Nations until it is satisfactorily resolved in all aspects in accordance with international law and the relevant United Nations resolutions.”

The group of countries additionally reaffirmed the necessity to “respect the territorial integrity, sovereignty, the sovereign equality, political independence and inviolability of international borders of other states,” and to chorus from intervention in different nations’ inner affairs.

Established in 1961 on the top of the Chilly Battle between the Soviet Union and the US, the NAM was seen as a substitute for the thought of a bipolar world order of two competing navy blocs. Immediately, the NAM consists of 120 member nations, with most nations within the Center East and Africa, plus a lot of Latin America and Asia and several other post-Soviet republics amongst its members. China, Mexico, Brazil and greater than a dozen different nations function observers.

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The Trump administration formally recognised Israeli “sovereignty” over the Golan Heights in March 2019. Dozens of nations, together with the US’s European allies, condemned the choice. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov known as it a “conscious, deliberate demonstration of lawlessness.”

Earlier this summer time, on the event of President Trump’s birthday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu introduced “practical steps” to create a so-called “Trump Heights” settlement within the space to honour the President’s recognition of Israeli management over the territory. The Israeli authorities plans to allocate some $2.three million for building of the settlement.

Israel occupied the Golan Heights in June 1967 after launching a preemptive air strike towards Egyptian airfields and thereby beginning the Six Day Battle towards a coalition of Arab states together with Egypt, Syria and Jordan. In 1981, Tel Aviv formally annexed the territory, however the determination was not recognised by the Safety Council, together with the US, regardless of its alliance with Israel. In December 1981, the Safety Council unanimously declared that Israel’s transfer was “null and void”. Behind the scenes, nonetheless, the Reagan administration didn’t press Israel to rescind its determination, and in January 1982 Washington and its allies vetoed a second decision calling on the worldwide neighborhood to take motion to place strain Israel.

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Damascus has repeatedly harassed that it could by no means hand over its sovereignty over the Golan Heights, and has warned that it has the suitable below worldwide regulation to regain its territories utilizing any means mandatory. 

Together with the Golan Heights, Israel continues to occupy a 22 sq km strip of Lebanese territory referred to as Shebaa Farms, in addition to the internationally recognised Palestinian territories of the West Financial institution, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.